Propelled by the Spirit

Propelled by the Spirit: Pentecostalism, Innovation and Competition in Kenya,
South Africa and Zimbabwe
Whereas the dominant narrative on Africa is that of death, doom and destruction, the
proposed project seeks to highlight the creativity, innovation and agency of Africans
thriving in different contexts. This project seeks to establish the extent to which
internal competition and innovation within Pentecostal churches in Kenya, South
Africa and Zimbabwe has generated new patterns of religiosity. It investigates how
the quest to attract new converts, extend boundaries and confirm dominance has led to
Pentecostal churches appropriating new communication techniques and processes,
empowerment of women and youth, as well as influencing religious processes beyond
Pentecostalism. By employing historical, phenomenological, sociological and gender
approaches within specific contexts in the three countries, the project seeks to
understand how religious competition has led to innovation and creativity in African
Principal Investigator: Ezra Chitando, Department of Religious Studies, Classics and
Philosophy, University of Zimbabwe, Harare.
Profile Of Researchers
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